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Management informatics (14)

The Future of Business Management: Integrating People, Technology, and IoT

Greetings from the Broadcasting University's lecture series on Business Information Studies! Today, we're diving deep into the innovative world of the Internet of Things (IoT) and exploring its transformative impact on business and management.

The Rise of IoT: The Second Internet Revolution

IoT, often referred to as the "Internet of Things," signifies the new wave of internet revolution. In simpler terms, it's the interconnection of 'things' - industrial products embedded with CPUs - communicating with each other over the internet. Predictions estimate that by 2025, there will be connections between 1 billion places, 5 billion people, and a staggering 50 billion things.

As society stands at the cusp of this major technological shift, it's crucial to present a clear vision. The evolution from the framework of the free market to the platform mechanism prompts a pertinent question: How will the fusion of "things, events, and people" in IoT shape future systems?

One promising outlook is the advent of interconnected microservices. These require minimal capital costs and offer diverse opportunities. They continuously explore new possibilities, potentially enabling a never-saturating economy. But how?

The Evolution of Management Systems

With cloud computing, we've seen a shift from integrated system development to systems with loosely coupled business components on the cloud. This progression from IaaS to PaaS and then to SaaS, combined with the prominence of microservices and open services, like Amazon's AWS, heralds significant change.

However, the Industry 4.0 paradigm proposes two scenarios:

  1. A potential lock-in to massive cloud platforms.
  2. The birth and growth of diverse small businesses, evading platform lock-ins.

IoT and Downsized Management

The vision of the future production system is decentralized, transitioning from push-based markets to pull-type network markets. This will witness:

  • A surge in pull-type, diverse production systems directly connected to consumers.
  • Pull-type production systems co-evolving with consumers, facilitated by small and medium-sized businesses with open designs.

This revolution in management is about downsizing to task and project levels. These "micro-projects" will redefine our work structures. The crux lies in designing, implementing, and managing IoT systems in the fog area (network edges). This brings forth a potential transition from corporate-centric management and accounting to product/service-centric paradigms.

With IoT-based management, decentralized organizational management and accounting become feasible. To effectively manage processes on a task/project level, the development of open platform technologies through IoT is indispensable. This encompasses:

  • Cost management.
  • Scheduling.
  • Execution management.

Envisioning New Social, Organizational, and Institutional Scenarios

The long-tail model, encompassing IoT platforms and service projects, could potentially pave the way for a revolutionary industrial structure.

In conclusion, as we stride into this new era, it's pivotal for businesses, institutions, and individuals alike to grasp the profound implications of the IoT-led transformations. The future is an exciting blend of humans and technology, and the opportunities are endless. Stay tuned for more insights from the Broadcasting University's Business Information Studies!


管理信息学 (14)

企业管理的未来: 人、技术和物联网的融合


物联网的崛起 第二次互联网革命

物联网通常被称为 "物联网",是新一轮互联网革命的标志。简单地说,它是 "物"(嵌入中央处理器的工业产品)之间的互联,它们通过互联网相互通信。据预测,到 2025 年,将有 10 亿个地方、50 亿人和 500 亿件事物建立联系。

社会正站在这一重大技术变革的风口浪尖,提出清晰的愿景至关重要。从自由市场框架到平台机制的演变引发了一个相关的问题: 物联网中 "物、事、人 "的融合将如何塑造未来的系统?



随着云计算的发展,我们看到了从集成系统开发到云上松散耦合业务组件系统的转变。从 IaaS 到 PaaS,再到 SaaS,再加上微服务和开放式服务(如亚马逊的 AWS)的兴起,预示着重大变革的到来。

然而,工业 4.0 范式提出了两种情况:

  1. 大规模云平台的潜在锁定。
  2. 多样化小型企业的诞生和发展,规避平台锁定。



  • 与消费者直接相连的拉动式多样化生产系统激增。
  • 拉动型生产系统与消费者共同发展,由具有开放式设计的中小型企业推动。

这场管理革命的目的是将规模缩小到任务和项目层面。这些 "微型项目 "将重新定义我们的工作结构。关键在于设计、实施和管理雾区(网络边缘)的物联网系统。这将带来从以企业为中心的管理和会计模式向以产品/服务为中心的模式的潜在转变。


  • 成本管理
  • 日程安排。
  • 执行管理





経営情報学 (14)
















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